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《Carcinogenesis,Teratogenesis and Mutagenesis》 2004-03
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Effect of Rare-Earth Element Holmium on the Sister Chromatid Exechange(SCE)of Root TIP Cells of Vicla Faba

QU Ai 1 ,WANG Cheng-run 1,2 ,BO Jun 1 ,et al (1.Departmen of Biology,XuZhou Normal University,Xuzhou221116,China;2.Department of Chemistry and Bioloˉgy,HuaiNan Normal College,Huainan232001,China)  
BACKGROUNDATM: To evaluate the effect of rare-earth Holmium on the sister chromatid exechange(SCE)of root tip cells of Vicia faba. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The primary roots of Vicia faba were cultured for18hours in10 -4 mol/L5-BrdU solution at23℃in the dark.In the disposal groups,roots were moved to nitrate of holmium solution and incubated for4hours at23℃in the dark;in the control group,roots were moved to distilled water and treated for4hours at23℃in the dark.The roots in the disposal groups and control group were transferred to10 -4 mol/L5-BrdU solution respectively and cultured for17hours at23℃in the dark.The root tips of vicia faba were dissected and soaked in0.05%colchicines solution for3.5hours in the same conˉdition as above,and treated in fix solution for3.5hours,hydrolyzed in HCl solution,stained in Schiff agent.Finally,the slides were prepared and examined under microscope,the frequency of SCE were analyzed by t-test. RESULTS: The results showed that,in all of the disposal groups,Holmium element significantly increased the frequency of SCE compared with the control group.Furthermore,Holmium element also induced anomalous nuclei. CONCLUSION: It sugˉgests that Holmium element may have certain cytotoxicity and genotoxicity to root-tip cells of vicia faba.
【CateGory Index】: S643
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