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《Shandong Agricultural Sciences》 1990-05
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Hu Yanji Li Qingqi Yin Chengyi Chen Zhengde (Departmenta of Agronomy, Shcmdong Agricultural University)  
There are significant differences in the photosynthetic rate and content of chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, chlorophyll (a+b) and carotenoid among the examined flag leaves of different wheat cultivars. All these are quantitative characters, and genetically controlled by both additive and nonadditive gene effects. The heterosises are rather varied in F_1 hybrids, including types of the weeker than low value parent, stronger over mean value of both parents and high value parent, and so on. Analysis of combining ability showed that the general combining abilities (GCA) of parents and specific combining abilities (SCA) of combinations are significantly different. Therefore, it is not only necessary but possible to screen high photosynthetic rate germplasm resources. At the basis of selecting parents according to their appearances and combining abilities for crossing, we could breed new wheat cultivars with ideal synthetic characters and high photosynthetic rate.
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