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《Shandong Agricultural Sciences》 2003-04
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Discussion on some aspects of winter wheat breeding in China

ZHAO Zhen-dong1, SONG Jian-min1, LIU Jian-jun1, LIU Ai-feng1,LI Hao-sheng1, CUI Jian-min2,WU Xiang-yun1(1.Crop Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan 250100, China;2.Xinxiang Seed Station of Henan Province,Xinxiang 453000,China)  
Great progress in wheat breeding in recent years in China were reviewed, and breeding targets and programs in the future were discussed Breeding targets should include four aspects: yield, stability of yield, quality and production cost Furthur enhancing wheat yield mostly depended on biological yield and harvest index, and higher yield of wheat cultivars could be obtained by selecting plant flourish and grain-leaf ratio Currently, the key for quality improvement is to increase gluten strengthen, with high-molecular-weight glutenin subunits and glutenin macropolymer content used as efficient parameters In Yellow and Huai valleys, new varieties should be tolerant to heat stress In order to improve stability of both yield and quality, the drought resistance and heat tolerance of new varieties should be increased The former can be acquired by selecting in drought and non-drought soils in turns or at the same time, and the latter can be screened by stability of cellular membrane or air-canopy temperature difference under heat stress, which reflects difference in heat tolerance between varieties in tissue and population levels respectively
【CateGory Index】: S512.103
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