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《Shandong Agricultural Sciences》 2008-02
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Study of Pollen Quantity and Vitality of Hawthorn Cultivars with Different Kernel Percentage

WANG Yu-xia1,2,WANG Ying1,LI Fang-dong1,2,WEI Xin1,2,DONG Wen-xuan1,2*,(1.College of Horticulture,Shenyang Agricultural University,Shenyang 110161,China;2.Research Institute for Breeding and Physiological Ecology of Frigid Region Fruit Tree,Shenyang 110161,China)  
The pollen quantity and vitality of 8 hawthorn cultivars with different kernel percentage were studied in this paper.Niejiayu 2, Tianshui,Xifenghong,Xuzhoudahuo,Dajinxing,Yiduhongkou,Qiujinxing and Shandonghongmianzha were used as the materials,whose kernel percentage is 10.70%,18.50%,29.00%,41.70%,77.00%,80.00%,86.00% and 86.20% respectively.It was found that their pollen quantity were 44 133.2,52 933.2,46 923.5,41 563.2,52 364.0,57 693.2,39 200.0,62 400.0 per anther respectively.The pollen quantity of different cultivars were significantly different except Tianshui and Dajinxing.Shandonghongmianzha had the most pollens per anther.The appropriate time to observe the pollen germination was four hours after culture in the medium of 5% agar+100 μg/g boric acid +10 g/L sucrose,and the pollen germination rate of the 8 cultivars were 87.50%,81.50%,51.40%,68.50%,70.20%,62.30%,85.10% and 56.20% respectively,which were significantly different between varieties.Niejiayu2 showed the highest pollen germination rate.There was no significant correlation between the kernel percentage and the pollen quantity as well as the pollen germination rate.
【Fund】: 国家科技基础条件平台项目资助(2005DKA21002-07-29)
【CateGory Index】: S661.5
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