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《Shandong Agricultural Sciences》 2009-09
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Effect of Transgenic Bt+CpTI Cotton on Population Dynamics of Bemisia tabaci Gennadius and Activity Changes of Chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase

JIANG Tao1,2,3,CHU Dong1,2,JIANG De-feng3,ZHOU Hong-xu3,LIU Guo-xia1,2,TAO Yun-li1,2(1.High-tech Research Center,Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory for Genetic Improvement of Crop,Animal and Poultry of Shandong Province,Jinan 250100,China;2.Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology,Huanghuaihai,Ministry of Agriculture,the People's Republic of China,Jinan 250100,China;3.College of Agronomy and Plant Protection,Qingdao Agricultural University,Qingdao 266109,China)  
The population dynamics of Bemisia tabaci Gennadius adults in SGK321,SY321 and mixed cropping fields were investigated.The activities of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase and protein content in leaves of SGK321 and SY321 damaged by B.tabaci were determined in different time.The results showed that the population density in the SGK321 field was higher than that in the SY321 field and mixed cropping field.The activitiy trend of chitinase in SGK321 leaves was dropping-rising-dropping-rising.While that of upper and bottom leaves of SY321 were dropping-rising-dropping-rising and dropping-rising respectively.The change trends of β-1,3-glucanase activity in leaves of SGK321 and SY321 were dropping-rising-dropping-rising respectively.In upper leaves of SGK321 and SY321,the contents of protein rose firstly then dropped,which showed the similar trend in the bottom leaves.There was no significant difference between chitinase activities in leaves of SGK321 and SY321 damaged by B.tabaci.However,the activitiy of β-1,3-glucanase in SGK321 damaged by B.tabaci was higher than that in SY321 in most of periods.The relationship between the defensive reaction and the differences of B.tabaci population in SGK321 and SY321 fields were discussed.The study might reveal the effects of transgenic Bt+CpTI cotton on B.tabaci and was helpful for discovering its physiological defense mechanism and could provide theoretical basis for comprehensive control to B.tabaci and cotton breeding.
【Fund】: 山东省优秀中青年科学家科研奖励基金(2007BS06013);; 国家科技支撑计划基金(2006BAD08A18);; 山东省农业科学院高技术创新基金(2007YCX030)
【CateGory Index】: S435.622
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