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《Shandong Agricultural Sciences》 2010-07
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Genetic Variation of Part Morphological Traits of Precocious Walnut Seedling Progeny

WANG Na1,XU Ming-ju1,2,WANG Chao1,GUO Liang1,SUN Jia-zheng1,TIAN Chang-ping1,CHEN Xue-sen1(1.State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology/Shandong Agricultural University,Taian 271018,China;2.Feixian Administration of Fruit Industry,Feixian 273400,China)  
The precocious walnut seedling progeny in Jining and Taian areas were used to survey the genetic variation of part phenotypic traits,such as the morphology,fruit and its main nutrient component.The results were as follows.(1) The variation coefficients(CV) of height,crown diameter,truck girth and branch length were all more than 15%,while those of the branch diameter were 10.34% and 6.47% respectively in Jining and Taian.(2) The shape of fresh fruit and nut fruit were mainly rotundity and long rotundity.The color of the nut fruit were brown,light brown and light yellow and the color of kernel were yellow brown and brown.The variation coefficients of vertical diameter,transverse diameter,fruit shape index were less than 12%,but those of the single fruit weight of fresh fruit and nut fruit,the shell thickness and kernel percent of nut fruit were all more than 15%,and that of the shell thickness was the highest(30.73%).(3) The variation coefficients of fat,protein and fatty acid were less than 10%,especially those of fatty acid were 0.55% and 0.31% respectively in Jining and Taian;(4) Four elite single plants were selected,which were high and stable yield type,large fruit type,thin shell type and dwarf type,based on the tree body traits,fruit characters and fruit number single plant.Then two development suggestions were given out,which were to select the seedlings and remake the seedling walnut garden and to build the normative seed production gardenand control the provenance strictly so as to assure the genetic quality.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(30871679);; 国家“863”计划重点项目(2006AA100108);; 山东省农业良种工程项目
【CateGory Index】: S664.132
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