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《Journal of Anhui University(Natural Science Edition)》 2012-03
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An investigation on birds diversity and seasonal change at the Temple of Heaven Park in Beijing

WANG Lu-jing,BAO Wei-dong(College of Biological Sciences and Technology,Beijing Forestry University,Beijing 100083,China)  
The recent bird survey at the Temple of Heaven Park was done five years ago.To make clear of what are the changes,the authors investigated the bird diversity of species number and abundance in the park during April of 2010 to January of 2011.Combined with the geographical position and natural environment of the park,3 or 4 surveys were conducted every month and the bird community structure and seasonal changes were analyzed.The results showed that 89 bird species were recorded,among them 62 were migrant birds accounting for 69.66% of total avifauna,27 were residents accounting for 30.34%.There were 7 birds under the national protection of level two,12 species under the Beijing protection level one,and 43 species under the Beijing protection level two.The bird community structures in the park changed between seasons with the two peaks of the species number and population abundance in spring and autumn and the lowest in summer.During the spring and autumn a large migrant flock passed through with the bird species and the quantity changed dramatically.In summer the residents and summer breeders were the majority,whereas in winter theresidents and winter visitors were the majority.But the bird community structure was relatively stable in summer and winter.The multiple choice index and average index of bird community were calculated in four habitats.The multiple choice index in the nursery garden is the highest of 1.867 7 and in the scenery area is 0.621 3,the lowest.The bird average index in the scenery area is 0.823 3 which is the highest and in the nursery garden is 0.729 1 which is the lowest.Compared with previous surveys the population number of Eurasian Tree Sparrow(Passer montanus),Common Magpie(Pica pica) and Azure-winged Magpie(Cyanopica cyana) was the largest and the three birds are the dominant species in the park.In this investigation we firstly recorded the landing of Mallard in the park.
【CateGory Index】: Q958
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