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《Geology of Anhui》 2011-03
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Chemical composition and distribution law of shallow groundwater on the north shore of the Chao Lake

MA Yu-ping,WANG Jia-quan,ZHANG Ling,SHAO Chao,YAO Xiao-yan(School of Resources and Environmental Engineering,Hefei University of Technology,Hefei,Anhui 230009,China)  
With groundwater in an area of 1000km2 on the north shore of the Chao Lake as research object,130 samples were collected to test 15 water quality indexes with a multitude of methods.Descriptive analysis,Piper trilinear chart,correlative analysis and ion proportionality coefficient were jointly applied to study of chemical distribution and spatial change features of groundwater,with a conclusion being reached as: 1)the Chao Lake north shore groundwater is of weak acid-weak alkaline water,with hardness being low and TDS basically less than 1g/l,belonging to freshwater;2) main disqualified indexes are F-,NO-3,total hardness and NO-2,of which fluorine,total hardness and nitrogen pollutions dominate;3) aquatic chemical types of groundwater are complex in the study area,about 28 in number in total,of them the dominant ones are HCO3·Cl-Na·Mg,HCO3·SO 4-Na·Mg,HCO3·SO4·Cl-Na·Ca,and HCO3·SO 4-Na·Ca·Mg taking up 11.38%,8.94%,8.94% and 7.32% respectively;4) It is found through calculation of c(Na+)/c(Cl-) coefficient that most of groundwater varies in quality in the area.
【Fund】: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(No.2008ZX07103-003 2008ZX07103-001)
【CateGory Index】: P641.3
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