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Gender Difference on Occupational Status Attainment

SONGLi-jun;LINJu-ren(DepartmentofSociology,ShandongUniversity,Jinan,250000,Shandong)  
This article begins with describing th e evident gender difference of int er-and intra-genera-tion mobility in occup ational statu s between husbands and wives and constructs separately their statu s-attainment models.It confirms that the education is the first im portant va riable determin-ing the status attainment processes,either for male or female .However,it is in the education-al status attainment processes(especially in the upward mobility or re-educated processes),with the development of priva te sphere ,marriage and reproduction,wome n face much more difficulties than m en from the ideological gender system(such as gender norms and gender cul-ture ).In the final analysis,the invisibl e structural and institutional factors s trongly dominate the socialization and the continuou s socialization of sex role and hinder women' s educational and occupational status attainment .Finally th ree tentative advices an d a few questions are pre-sented.
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