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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2004-06
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Characteristics of Carbohydrate Transfer of Stem and Sheath and Grain-filling in Two-line Hybrid Rice

Liu Xiaobin (Lixiahe Region Agricultural Research Institute of Jiangsu, Yangzhou,Jiangsu 225007)  
The translocation characters of reserves in stem and sheath and its relation to the grain filling were studied during ripening stage with different types of two-line hybrid rice. The results showed that two-line hybrid rice had obviously higher photosynthetic rate and dry matter accumulation after heading than that in three-line hybrid rice. The percentage of matter in the stem and sheath (EPMSS) significantly and positively correlated with the ripened grains, grain-filling percentage, the maximum grain-filling rate and the mean grain-filling rate. The reserves and its translocation of stem and sheath in basic parts were high in all hybrids. The combination with earlier redistribution and higher amount of translocation of reserves of stem and sheath in the early filling had the higher the translocation rate, higher ripened grains and greater grain-filling percentage. The results indicated the redistribution of reserves in the early filling was important to the grain filling. Improving carbohydrate / spikelet ratio before heading stage and accelerating usable carbohydrate transfer to grains at the beginning of filling were beneficial to the activities of grain-filling, reduced unfilled grains and improved grain plumpness.
【Fund】: 江苏省“十五”科技攻关项目 (BE2 0 0 1 30 2 )资助。
【CateGory Index】: S511
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