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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2005-05
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Signal Transduction of Plant Disease Resistance

FU Xiao-yi et al (Agriculture Academy Agriculture University in Hebei, Baoding,Hebei 071001)  
The defense procedure of plant mediated by R gene includes a series of physiological ,biochemical and molecular biological responses.These responses begin with the initial hypersonic response at the site of pathogen attack and with systematic defenses of acquired resistance in tissues distant from the invasion sites.These responses are controlled by a defense signaling conduction which is activated by the recognition of a plant resistance gene-encoded protein,R protein,and a pathogen avirulence gene-encoded protein, Avr protein . The signal of the perception of the Avr protein by signal molecules,H_2O_2,NO and the systematic signal molecules SA,JA and ethylene is transmitted and enlarged by the key controlling gene,resulting in the disease resistance from a series of defensive response gene expression and metabolism change.Plant defense signal uses the similar mechanism in the animal immunity system, and it can be initiated by non-parasitic pathogen and mediator.The broad-spectrum disease resistance produced by these signals has laid foundation for the application of plant antidisease gene engineering.
【CateGory Index】: S432.1
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