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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2006-15
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Observation and Study on the Vessel Element and Perforation Plate of Secondary Xylem in Avocado

CHEN Shu-si (Department of Biology,Hanshan Teachers College,Chaozhou,Guangdong 521041)  
The vessel elements of secondary xylem in Persea americana was observed and studied with bio-microscope image analysis system and micrography.The result showed that there were various patterns of vessel elements and six types of perforation plates were as follow: ① both ends of the vessel element were simple perforation plates;② one end was simple perforation and another,scalariform perforation;③ both ends of the vessel element were scalariform perforation plates;④ one end was scalariform perforation and another,peculiar perforation;⑤ two scalariform perforations were in the opposite side wall of the same vessel;⑥ one simple perforations and one scalariform perforation were in the opposite side wall of the same vessel.There were transitional type perforation plates in Persea americana.The intervascular pitting was alternate pitting and the gash-like pitting between vessel and ray.Part of vessel elements had the ornamentation in side wall.The ontogeny and phylogenesis of vessel elements in Persea americana were discassed.
【CateGory Index】: S667.9
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