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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2007-02
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Effect of Conservation Tillage on Soil Temperature and Moisture and Yield Formation of Spring Maize

ZHANG Yu et al(College of Agronomy,Shenyang Agriculature University,Shenyang,Liaoning110161)  
The field experiment was conducted to study the effects of different conservation tillages on soil temperature,moisture and yield formation of spring maize.The results showed that the treatment of straw mulching and sowing between stubble,the soil temperature was lowered during the early growth period of spring maize,but in the latter period the plants grew much more flourishingly than that of the conventional cultivation.Among the six conservation tillages,the straw mulching and sowing between stubble was the best one in water-conserving.The sowing beside ridge,sowing between stubble and sub-soiling during the seeding stage increased the seeding emergency,grain number per ear,dry matter accumulation and weight of 100 grains.To some extent,these five patterns were also effectively increasing the grain yield of spring maize.The order of yield was straw mulching and sowing between stubble sowing beside ridge sowing between stubble sub-soiling during the seeding stage 2∶0 cultivation 1∶1 cultivation conventional pattern,and the yield-increasing rate were 35.3 %,28.1 %,21.5 %,18.5 %,18.1 %and 14.4% respectively compared with the conventional cultivation.
【Fund】: 国家科技部资助项目(2004BA520A-11)
【CateGory Index】: S345;S513
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