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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2007-02
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Utilization of Jatropha Cuscas L.,an "Energy Plant" for Biodiesel

WANG Yan et al(Kunming Institute of Botany,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Kunming,Yunnan 650204)  
Based on literature studies and experiments conducted in recent years,the potential of physic nut(Jatropha curcas L.) as an energy plant were prospected.In the meantime,the preliminary result of germplasm innovation was reported.Physic nut is a semi-fleshy small tree or large shrub,belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae and ranging widely in the tropics and subtropics area.Physic nut as energy plant has many advantages such as: high renewable of plant;high tolerance to drought and nutrient deficiency;florescence and fructification twice every year;oil content of kernel is about 50 %;it is easy for kernel oil to be changed into ideal Biodiesel;simple methods of reproduction,extensive management of growing period,it is propitious to fell virescence and vegetation recover of dry-hot river valley and high economic value.There was no doubt that physic nut would be an important strategic resource with great economic value when we are facing the challenge of energy crisis.
【Fund】: 国家科技基础条件平台项目(2004DKA3043 2005DKA210006);; 中国科学院重要方向项目(KSCX2-SW-117)
【CateGory Index】: Q949.9
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