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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2007-21
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Effect of the Pesticide on Soil Microbe and Enzyme Activity

LI Xia et al(School of Life Science,Sichuan University,Chengdu,Sichuan 610064)  
The purpose of the study was to research the effect of pesticides on the soil microbe and enzyme activity and correlation among various indexes.The effects of five pesticides(zineb,copforce,carbendazim,mancozeb and hymexazol) on soil fungi,bacteria,antinomy and soil urease,dehydrogenase,invertase and phosphates activities were studied.The pesticides caused the obvious change on composition diversity in soil microbes.The effects of pesticides on the soil microbes were bacteria antinomies fungus.The invertase active suppression rates by mancozeb,zineb,hymexazol and carbendazim were 30.30% ~ 21.21%,the urease activity suppression rates by hymexazol and mancozeb were up to 37.67%,the protease activity suppression rates by zineb and mancozeb were 27.27% and 18.18% respectively and the phosphates activity suppression rates by mancozeb,zineb,hymexazol and carbendazim were 22.12% ~ 3.54%.They all reached remarkable level.The dehydrogenase was insensitive to the 5 pesticides.There was some correlation among various indexes.
【Fund】: 中国科学院-乐山市院地合作项目(2005BA807B09LA06);; 中国科学院西部之光联合学者项目(2001BA606A-05-04)
【CateGory Index】: S154;S48
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