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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2007-34
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Study on Toxicity Effects of Pb Stress on Pea Seed

ZHANG Li et al (Department of Biology,Changshu College of Technology,Changshu,Jiangsu 215500)  
[Objective] This research aimed to explore the toxicity effects of Pb stress on pea seed.[Method] With pea as tested materials,the toxicity effects of Pb on the germination and growth of pea seed were investigated by water culture method.[Result] When Pb was less than 1 mg/L it promoted the seed germination.When Pb was 1 mg/L,the germination rate of pea seed was the highest.When Pb concentration was increased to 5 mg/L,the seed germination was inhibited.When Pb was less than or equal to 5 mg/L,it promoted the growth of the root and stem.When Pb was more than or equal to 10 mg/L,it was obviously to inhibit the growing of the root and stem and this inhibition strengthened along with the increasing of the concentration of Pb,with greater inhibition on roots than on stems.The aberration rate of radicle cell nuclear and chromosome induced by Pb was increased with the increasing of the concentration of Pb.The low concentration of Pb(less than or equal to 1 mg/L)could promote the synthesis of chlorophyll.When Pb concentration was over 1 mg/L,it would inhibit the synthesis of chlorophyll in seedling leaves and the chlorophyll content was decreased with the increasing of the concentration of Pb.POD isoenzyme activity was lower than CK when Pb was at 1 mg/L and obviously strengthened when Pb concentration was increased to 5 mg/L.[Conclusion] The research provided a reference data for the Pb toxicity mechanism in the future.
【Fund】: 植物学重点实验室基金资助
【CateGory Index】: X173
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