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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2008-03
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Effect of N Application with Different Level on Characteristic and Yield of Hybrid Rice Population

LU Wei-lin et al(Xinyang Institute of Agricultural Science,Xinyang,Henan 464000)  
[Objective] The purpose was to explore N fertilizer need law and various population quality indices under super-high yield.[Method] With hybrid rice variety Qyou 1 as tested material and 251.7 kg/hm2 as standard N application rate (ST),5 treatments of N application were set up to compared the different N application rate on the yield and population quality in rice under precise quantity planting.[Result] The ears per unit area varied slightly in N application range of ST±15% and all decreased below or over this N application range.Among 5 treatments of N application,the spikelet number per ear differed lilltle,the seed setting rate and 1 000-grain weight were highest in ST treatment,the seedlings in peak stage and effective ears were highest in ST-15% N application treatment,the earbearing tiller rate was highest in ST and ST+15% N application treatment,the maximum LAI and storage material output amount and output rate in the stem-leaf sheath were highest in ST N application treatment and the contribution to rice yield was highest in ST-15% N application treatment.The leaf length order of 5 leaves in wheat showed high yield trend in ST and ST+15% N application treatment.The dry matter accumulation from full heading to mature stage was highest in ST N application treatment.[Conclusion]The optimum N application rate for getting high yield in Qyou 1 was 256.4 kg/hm2.
【CateGory Index】: S511
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