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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2008-05
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Study on Optimizing the Technology of Extracting Pectin from the Peel of Navel Orange in Southern Jiangxi by Orthogonal Design

SONG Qiu-hua et al(Faculty of Material and Chemistry Engineering,Jiangxi University of Science and Technology,Ganzhou,Jiangxi 341000)  
[Objective] The purpose was to explore the optimum technological parameters of extracting pectin from the peel of navel orange by microwave method.[Method] Under microwave condition,the influences of the pH value for salting out,heating time,dosage of aluminum sulfate,ratio of solvent to material,temperature and time for salting out on the yield of pectin extracted from the peel of navel orange in southern Jiangxi were investigated through single factor experiments and the optimum technological parameters were ascertained through orthogonal experiment.[Result] The single factor experiments showed that when the pH value for salting out was 5,the heating time was 5 min,the dosage of aluminum sulfate was 0.5 g,the ratio of solvent to material was 15 ml/g and the temperature and time for salting out were 60 ℃ and 70 min,the pectin yield was higher.The various factors influencing pectin yield in order was microwave heating time dosage of aluminum sulfate pH value for salting out time for salting out temperature for salting out ratio of solvent to material.The optimum technological parameters obtained through orthogonal experiment were microwave heating time of 5 min,ratio of solvent to material of 1∶16,aluminum sulfate of 0.5 g,pH value,temperature and time for salting out of 7,60 ℃ and 80 min.[Conclusion] Microwave method shortened extraction time,enhanced pectin yield,the quality of obtained sample was good and accorded with national quality standard.
【Fund】: 江西理工大学博士科研启动基金(脐橙的种植)资助
【CateGory Index】: TQ914
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