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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2008-05
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Diversity and Spatial Distribution Characteristics of Ephemeral Plants Germinated in Autumn in the Southern Edge of Gurbantunggut Desert

CHEN Zhi-chao et al(College of Mapping and National Territory Information Engineering,Henan Polytechnic University,Jiaozuo,Henan 454003)  
[Objective] The purpose was to know about the species and spatial distribution characteristics of ephemeral plants germinated in autumn in Gurbantunggut desert.[Method] By selecting typical dunes distributed with ephemeral plants,the species and spatial distribution characteristics of ephemeral plants germinated in autumn in the southern edge of Gurbantunggut desert were investigated in Sep.and Nov.in 2004 and Mar.,Aug.and Sep.in 2005.[Result] It was discovered in the investigated region that 18 ephemeral plants could germinate in autumn with very little coverage degree,15 species were discovered in 2004 and 11 species were discovered in 2005.The species of ephemeral plants germinated in autumn was far less than that germinated in early spring,the annual was the main species and were all in vegetative growth period.Erodium oxyrrhynchum and Carex physodes were most distributed with their field distribution characteristics being sandy land among dune middle part of dune top of dune.The microtopography had important influence on the spatial distribution of desert plants in drought region and the distribution density of ephemeral plants in little shallow region was higher than that in higher region.[Conclusion] The main species of ephemeral plants germinated in autumn were annual,and their spatial distributions were influenced by positions on dunes and microtopography and accorded with the spatial variance of water content in soil.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(30470341);; 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所所长(20053039)基金;; 河南理工大学自然科学(青年)基金项目;; 河南理工大学青年基金项目(Q2008-1)资助
【CateGory Index】: Q948
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