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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2008-07
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Preliminary Observation on the Embryonic Development of Symphysodon discus

TONG Yong et al (Fishery College,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan,Hubei 430070)  
[Objective] The aim of the research was to get know of the embryonic development process of Symphysodon discus.[Method] The embryonic development process of S.discus was observed and the morphological and developmental characteristics of its embryonic development were studied.[Result] The mature ovum of S.discus was glutinous with ellipsoidal shape and its longitudinal axis and transverse axis were 1.02~1.14 mm and 0.75~0.79 mm resp.The embryonic development process included 6 stages of ovum-cleavage stage,blastula stage,gastrulae stage,neurulation stage,organogenesis stage and hatching stage.Under the water temperature conditions of(30±1) ℃,the whole embryonic development process needed about 50 h.Fertilized eggs came into the ovum-cleavage stage after about 50 min,blastula stage after 3 h and gastrulae stage after 9.50 h.Blastopore was closed after 20 h and embryos began to break the egg membrane and came out after 50 h.The body length of newly-hatched larvae was 4.29 mm.S.discus in early ovum-cleavage stage and gastrula stage grew faster and grew relatively slower in organogenesis stage.The total accumulated temperature for the hatching of S.discus was(1 500±50) ℃·h.[Conclusion] The embryonic development process of S.discus was similar with that of Tilapia nilotica,which indicated that they had closergenetic relationship.
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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