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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2008-07
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Study on the Correlation among the Decadal Changes of Winter Temperature and Heat Island Effect and Latitude in Hunan Province

WANG Ai-zhen et al (Department of Atmospheric Sciences,Nanjing University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210093)  
Based on the records of the average temperature in winter for 43 years(1962~2004) from 83 ground meteorological observation stations in Hunan province,the correlations among the decadal changes of winter emperature and urban heat island effect and latitude in Hunan province were studied.The results showed that the the decadal changes of winter temperature in Hunan province was the response to the global warming.The year 1984 was a significant jumping point and the winter temperature after jumping(in the warm stage) increased 0.68 ℃ than that before jumping(after jumping).The increasing extent of temperature in the warm stage was closely related with urban heat island effect and latitude.The increasae of urban heat island effect and latitude picked up the warming in winter.The contribution rate of urban heat island effect in the stations of middle city,sub-small city,sub-small city suburb,country,sub-large city suburb to the temperature increase in the warm stage were 18%,14%,7%,0 and-9% resp.When the latitude increased 1°,the temperature in the warm stage could increase by 0.027 ℃.
【CateGory Index】: X16
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