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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2008-11
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Effects of N Topdressing Stage on the Grain Protein Accumulation and Yield in Winter Wheat Varieties with Different Types

WANG Xiao-li et al(Department of Agronomy,Dezhou University of Shandong Province,Dezhou,Shandong 253023)  
[Objective] The aim of the research was to provide the theoretical basis for the cultivation of winter wheat with high yield and good quality.[Method] With winter wheat variety Lumai 22 with super-high yield and middle gluten and winter wheat variety Yannong 15 with high yield and strong gluten as tested materials,the research was made by using the mode of pool culture.[Result] The accumulation of protein and its components in Yannong 15 had no significant difference with that in Lumai 22 within 14 days after flowering.After 14 days for flowering,this accumulation was quickened and the content in Yannong 15 was significantly higher than that in Lumai 22.Dressing N fertilizer in setting stage significantly affected the accumulation and supply of free amino acids in grain.Dressing N fertilizer in flowering stage led to the decrease of glutelin content.Compared with flagging stage,dressing N fertilizer in jointing stage greatly affected the accumulation of glutelin and the content of glutenin macropolymer was significantly decreased.Dressing N fertilizer in flagging stage was most favorable for the accumulation of grain protein and its components,glutenin macropolymer,followed by that in jointing stage.The yield of Lumai 22 was highest under dressing N fertilizer in jointing stage,followed by that in flagging stage.The yield of Yannong 15 was highest under dressing N fertilizer in jointing stage and flagging stage,followed by that in setting stage.[Conclusion] The effect of dressing N fertilizer in jointing stage for Lumai 22 was best and that in flagging stage for Yannong 15 was best.
【Fund】: 国家粮食丰产科技工程项目(2004BA520A08-SF04)
【CateGory Index】: S512.11
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