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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2008-22
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Influence of Sex Ratio on Behaviors of Captive Silver Pheasant (Lophura nycthemera) in Non-breeding Period

XIAO Shao-jun et al (College of Wildlife Resource,Northeast Forestry University,Harbin,Heilongjiang 150040)  
[Objective] The research aimed to discuss the influence of sex ratio on individual behaviors.[Method]From September to November in 2007,the behavioral studies of captive silver pheasant at three sex ratios in non-breeding period were carried out in Guangdong Xiangtoushan National Nature Reserve with random and instantaneous scanning sampling methods.[Result] At different sex ratio,the captive silver pheasant acted with relatively fixed daily rhythm,which was feeding at the peak from 16:00 to 17:00 and resting from 12:00 to 13:00.In behavioral time budget,the male and the female showed obvious differences at different sex ratios.At the sex ratio of 2∶2,walking and resting were significantly different between the male and the female(P0.01).At the sex ratio of 3∶1,feeding and walking were significantly different(P0.01).The same sex showed obvious difference in behavioral time budget at different sex ratios.Walking showed significant difference between the sex ratio of 2∶2 and the sex ratio of 3∶1 by the male(P0.01).As to the female,feeding and walking showed significant difference between the sex ratio of 2∶2 and the sex ratio of 3∶1.Feeding and walking showed significant difference between the ratio of 3∶1 and 3∶0(P0.01). The individuals kept intimate or aloof relations.However,two female individuals kept familiar relationship at different sex ratios.[Conclusion] Sex ratio influenced the behaviors of captive silver pheasant.The female tended to aggregate,but the male tended to be single.
【Fund】: 广东省科学院人才基金(03-5);; 广东省科技计划项目(2006A36801001);; 广东省科学院野外台站基金项目(2006-2008)
【CateGory Index】: S865
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