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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2008-25
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Studies on Enhancement of Tissue-culture Efficiency in Mature Embryo of Parental Lines of Indica Hybrid Rice

SHEN Xian-hua et al (Rice Research Institute,Jiangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Nanchang,Jiangxi 330200)  
Tissue culture efficiency of rice was highly dependent on the genotypes.It was of great paramount to study and set up an efficient tissue culture system focused on the particular genotypes of rice.The research screened more suitable callus induction medium,compared the effectiveness of 6-BA and Kt in the plant regeneration,and optimized the combinations and concentrations of plant growth hormones in plant regeneration medium.The results showed that the average CIR and ECIR obtained on MS medium were 83.47% and 38.59%,respectively,being 3.4% and 7.42% higher than on CC medium,and among the 16 tested genotypes, 12 had simultaneously higher CIR and ECIR on MS than on CC.In addition,earlier response and more rapid growth of calli with lower rate of necrosis were observed on MS.Therefore,it indicated that MS medium had a broader spectrum in terms of callus induction from mature embryos of the indica hybrid rice parental lines.Comparison of the effectiveness of 6-BA and Kt showed that all of the 6 tested restorer lines displayed a higher GPRR on the medium consisting of 6-BA than that of Kt,and on average,the GPRR was 10.65% higher compared to the use of Kt.Hence,it was preliminarily concluded that 6-BA had a better effectiveness than Kt for plant regeneration in indica hybrid rice.The orthogonal test showed that the optimal combination and concentration of hormones for 2 genotypes,such as R998 and R463,were 3 mg/L 6-BA+0.5 mg/L NAA+1 mg/L Kt,while the optimal combination and concentration of hormones for R253 and R402 were 1 mg/L 6-BA+1 mg/L NAA and 2 mg/L 6-BA+0.5 mg/L Kt,respectively.In general,the orthogonal test with the hormones obtained very significant results in increasing the green plant regeneration rates of rice genotypes.Therefore,it was indicated that optimization of combinations and concentrations of hormones could further increase the GPRR of indica genotypes,especially,of those recalcitrant genotypes of indica rice.
【Fund】: 江西省学科带头人培养项目;; 江西省农业科学院创新基金项目
【CateGory Index】: S511.21
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