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Study on Ecological Footprint Dynamics of Macao from 1977 to 2004

LUO Han-hong et al(Guangdong Polytechnic Vocational College,Guangzhou,Guangdong 510520)  
The ecological footprints and ecological capacity from 1977 to 2004 were analyzed by using ecological footprint method,in order to explore the key factors for the sustainable development of Macao.The results showed that from 1977 to 2004,with the fluctuation of the economics,the ecological footprint per capita and ecological deficit per capita in Macao increased firstly,then decreased,and later increased again.The ecological footprint per capita increased from 2.123 hm2 in 1977 to 4.210 hm2 in 2004 with a net increase of 2.087 hm2,while the ecological deficit per capita increased from 2.108 hm2 in 1977 to 4.198 hm2 in 2004,with an average growth rate of 2.49%.The efficiency in resource-use increased,which was demonstrated by the decrease of ecological footprint per 104 yuan GDP in the 28 years in Macao.
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