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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2008-29
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Study on Esterification of Waste Oils Catalyzed by Sodium Bisulfate

LIU Xing-Huo et al(Department of Chemical Engineering,Jiangsu Polytechnic University,Changzhou,Jiangsu 213164)  
[Objective] The research aimed to study the esterification of waste oils catalyzed by sodium bisulfate and provide references for the production of biodiesel by solid acid catalyzed wasted oils.[Method] The waste oils was esterified with continuous feeding methanol catalyzed by NaHSO4 as catalyst.The effects of the sodium bisulfate dosage,reaction temperature,water content,methanol flow rate on the conversion rate of waste oils were investigated.[Result] Through orthogonal analysis,the optimal reaction conditions for the esterification catalyzed by NaHSO4 were as follow:Temperature was 110 ℃,reaction time was 3 h,catalyst dosage was 3%(on waste oils mass),methanol flow rate was 35 ml/h.The acid value of waste oils could descend to about 1.21 mg KOH/g,and the conversion rate of waste oils was 98.89%.[Conclusion] The results presented that NaHSO4 exhibited high catalytic activity for the esterification,and had predictable industrial application prospect.
【Fund】: 江苏省科技成果转化专项资金(项目编号:BA2006025);; 江苏省教育厅科技成果产业化推进项目(项目编号:JH07-040)
【CateGory Index】: TE667
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