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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2008-30
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Analysis of Major Economic Characters of Superior Plant's Nuts of Amber Walnut in Xingshan

GAO Huan-zhang et al(College of Horticulture and Architecture,Yangtze University,Jingzhou,Hubei 434025)  
[Objective] The research was aimed to provide the basis for variety breeding or resource exploitation of high quality walnut.[Method] With 11 superior plants' nuts of amber walnut in Xingshan as test material,the fruit was harvested per plant after maturing,which was randomly selected by 2.5kg of fruit sample after air dried naturally and fully mixed,and then 8 major economic characters were determined.[Result] The walnut superior plants' nuts were nearly spherical,their single fruit weight,kernel and weight kernel percent were 9.48-13.73 g,5.42-7.02 g and 48.38-63.62% resp.,their crude fat,crude protein and total sugar were 67.85-79.12 g/100 g,9.84-23.23 g/100 g and 2.46-6.89 g/100 g resp.,and their moisture content and thickness of shell were 4.56%-6.56% and 1.10-1.21 mm resp.According to the national standard of walnut nuts quality classification(GB/T20398-2006),the single nut weight of superior plants XS0706,XS0709,XS0702 and XS0708 reached to the national special class standard;the kernel percent of superior plants XS0704,XS0705,XS0703,XS0709,XS0708,XS0702 came up to the national special class standard;the content of crude fat of all tested plants were higher than national special class standard;the crude protein content of superior plants of XS0702,XS0708,XS0701,XS0704,XS0710,XS0707,XS0709,XS0711 and XS0703 were all reached to national special class standard.[Conclusion] The Xingshan amber walnut was in rich nutrition and good economic characters,and was suggested to build up high quality walnut industry base by using present grafting propagation technology.
【Fund】: 湖北省科技厅重大科技项目(2000IP0903)
【CateGory Index】: S664.1
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