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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2008-33
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Correlation Analysis between the Evapotranspiration Quantity and Climatic Factors of Artificial Grassland in Three River Sources Areas

FENG Cheng-bin et al(Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota,Northwest Plateau Institute of Biology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Xining,Qinghai 810001)  
Based on observation data from the mini-type automatic weather station,the evapotranspiration quantity of reference crops from artificial grassland in three river sources areas was estimated by the method of FAO Penman-Monteith.The actual evapotranspiration quantity of grassland was calculated according to the synthetic crop coefficients referenced by FAQ-56,and the change of the actual evapotranspiration quantity of artificial grassland in three river sources areas as well as the relationship between the evapotranspiration quantity and climatic factors were studied.The results suggested that the seasonal change of actual evapotranspiration quantity in grassland was expressed in a single peak curve with the peak in the middle August,and daily transpiration quantity in summer was significantly larger than that in winter.The evapotranspiration was significantly correlated with air temperature,solar radiation and relative humidity,but not significantly correlated with wind speed.Effects of climatic factors on the evapotranspiration quantity of artificial grassland were ordered as follow:air temperature(T)solar radiation(Ra)relative humidity(RH)wind speed(u2).
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划项目“高寒草地退化生态系统综合整治技术研究”(2006BAC01A02);; 中国科学院西部行动计划项目“三江源区退化生态系统受损与修复机制及可持续管理”(KZCX2XB20601)
【CateGory Index】: S812
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