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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2008-33
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Comparison of the Community Characteristics between Artificial Forest and Secondary Forest of Betula alnoides

YANG De-jun et al (Institute of Tropical Forestry,Yunnan Academy of Forestry,Jinghong,Yunnan 666102)  
The life form spectrum,leaf size spectrum,the important values of plant species and the species diversity in the communities of the artificial forest and secondary forest of Betula alnoides were compared by using standard plot method.The results showed that phanerophyte was the main life form in the artificial forest and secondary forest of B.alnoides,flowed by hemicryptophyte.Among phanerophyte,microphanerophytes had high proportion.The main leaf size in the artificial forest and secondary forest of B.alnoides was mesophyll,followed by macrophyll.But megaphyll plants occurred in the artificial forest,being not in the secondary forest.The life form characteristics of 2 kinds of forest were accordant with the community characteristics of tropical vegetation.The artificial forest of B.alnoides had higher species richness than the secondary forest.The Shannon-Wiener index of the artificial forest and the secondary forest had no great difference.While,the evenness degree of the secondary forest was higher than the artificial forest.According to importance values of plants in communities,the species compositions of the artificial forest mainly included B.alnoides,Phoebe lanceolata,Castanopsis echidnocarpa,Hedychium yunnanensis,Dianella ensifolia,Carex baecaans,Pteris wallichiana,Curculigo captulata,Thysanolanea maxima and Milletia leptobotrya etc.The species compositions of the secondary forest mainly included B.alnoides,Macaranga denticulata,Cratoxylon cochinense,Wendlandia tinctoria,Thysanolaena maxima,Dicranopteris ching,Eupatorium coelesticum,Smilax indica,Rubus poliophyllne and Embelia parrifolia etc.Both the artificial forest and secondary forest could be divided into 3 layers.In the artificial forest,the tree species was single in arbor layer.The tree species in shrub layer and young trees layer was more(reaching 62 species),occupying 56.36% of total species number.And the tree species in shrub layer and young trees layer was 28,occupying 50.91% of total species number.
【Fund】: 国家林业局中试星火项目“云南热区珍贵用材树种可持续造林技术试验示范”资助
【CateGory Index】: S718.542
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