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Karyotype Studies on Scilla scilloides in Yantai

WANG Ai-yun et al(School of Life Sciences,Ludong University,Yantai,Shandong 264025)  
[Objective] The aim of this study was to investigate the chromosome number and the karyotype of Scilla scilloides in Yantai.[Method] Root tips of Scilla scilloides were pretreated by 8-hydroxyquinoline,then fixed,dissociated and stained for slice production.The chromosome number was analyzed by microscopic examination,and then cells with good chromosomal morphology and dispersal chromosome were studied by microscopic photos.[Result] The somatic chromosome number of Scilla scilloides in Yantai was 2n=16+1Bs,while the karyotype formula was K(2n)=2x=16+1Bs=6m+4sm(2SAT)+4st+2t+1Bs and the karyotype classification was "3B" type.[Conclusion] Karyotype comparison,division of cell type and evolution of Scilla scilloides in Yantai are discussed,which provides basis for cytogenetics,evolutionary genetics,modern taxonomy and genetic breeding.
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