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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2009-11
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Influence of Low Temperature on the Pollen Viability of Peach Flower

WANG Hua-dong et al(College of Forestry,Gansu Agricultural University,Lanzhou,Gansu 730070)  
[Objective] The purpose of the research was to supply theoretical basis for enhancing the fruit-setting rate of peach.[Method] The influence of low temperature on the pollen viability of peach flower and growth status of their pollen tubes was researched through treating pollens of 5 peach varieties by low temperatures at 4,-3 and-6 ℃ and dividing periods.[Result] At-6,-3 and 4 ℃,the germination rate of 83-1 was highest,that of Wujingzaosheng was secondary and that of Zhongyou 5 was lowest.In the treatment at-6 ℃ for 7 h,the germination rates of all the varieties were as follows sequencely: Shuangxihong83-1WujingzaoshengZhongyou 5Zhongyou 7.In the 2 h of observation duration,the pollen tubes of Shuangxihong and Wujingzaosheng grew slowly,that of Zhongyou 5 and 83-1 grew slowly in the observation duration from the 1st hour to the 2nd hour,but they had a period of rapid growth in the duration from the 2nd hour to the 3rd hour.The results indicated that the pollen of Zhongyou 7 was least resistant to low temperature and Wujingzaosheng and 83-1 had stronger resistance to low temperature.[Conclusion] The influence of low temperature on the pollen germination of peach flower and growth of their pollen tubes was very obvious and there was very great difference among varieties.
【CateGory Index】: S662.1
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