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Preliminary Study on Water Physiological Characters of Male and Female Ginkgo biloba L.

CAO Quan et al(Key laboratory of eco-environments in Three gorges Reservoir Region of Ministry of Education,School of Life Science of Southwest University,Chongqing 400715)  
[Objective] The experiment aimed to study the difference of water physiology of male and female Ginkgo biloba L.for discussing the strategy of water utilization as well as the important role of this difference during evolution process.[Method] The stem sap flow,stomatal conductance(Gs),transpiration rate(Tr) and water use efficiency(WUE) of male and female Ginkgo biloba L were comparatively studied.[Result] The day-night process of flow on male and female Ginkgo biloba L.were similar.The flow on male and female Ginkgo biloba L.in day were almost same while the flow at night on male Ginkgo biloba L.was bigger than that on female Ginkgo biloba L.The Tr and Gs of male and female Ginkgo biloba L.were high in morning and at night but low at noon,while Tr and Gs of female Ginkgo biloba L.in morning and at night were higher than these of male Ginkgo biloba L.at the same time point.However,these indexes of female plant were lower than these of male plant from 11:00 to 14:00.WUE changing trends of male and female Ginkgo biloba L.were similar,while average water utilization rate of female Ginkgo biloba L.was slightly lower than that of male Ginkgo biloba L..[Conclusion] Compared with other companion plants,water physiology of male and female Ginkgo biloba L had strong homoplasy.The phenomenon might be a survival strategy of dioecious plants under long term evolutionary pressure
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