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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2009-29
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The Variation Characteristics of Winter Temperature during the Past Sixty Years in Changchun

GAO Feng et al (Jilin Meteorological Technology Service Center,Changchun,Jilin 130062)  
By using surface temperature data and 850 hPa height field temperature data of Changchun Station,the changes in Changchun of the surface temperature,the minimum temperature(MT) and the temperature on 850 hPa height were analyzed.The results showed that the main features of warming winter in MT was becoming warmer,the winter warming trend in MT was significantly higher than the annual average temperature(AAT) and average temperature in winter(ATW);the warming trend of the three months in winter in February was the most obvious in the past 10 years.The trends tended to achieve the maximum.Through the relevant calculating,it was seen that the winter MT and ATW reached the correlation coefficient of 0.928;As the age increased,the performance of the number of days for the low-temperature significantly reduced,which had a well consistency with cold winter and warm winter.While in winter the warming trend of the average temperature was not such obvious as the AAT,which showed that the contribution of the other seasons was also high.Changchun City was significantly higher than the national average warming level;For Changchun,the variance contribution of the ATW to the AAT reach 14%.850 hPa height on the ATW and AAT also showed warming trends.Over the past 50 years,the warming trend in winter was 0.19 ℃ / 10 a and warming trend in AAT was 0.48 ℃/10 a,which showed the warming trends of the ATW and AAT.But the winter warming trend in AAT was not warming significantly.The significant relation between the ATW of 850 hPa height and that on the ground indicated that the ground and the lower of tropospheric became warm at the same time.
【CateGory Index】: S161.2
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