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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2010-11
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The Effect of Malathion on the Activity of Antioxidant Enzyme of Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube

LV Lin-lan et al (College of Chemistry and Biology Engineering,Yancheng Institute of Technology,Yancheng,Jiangsu 224003)  
[Objective] The aim was to study the effection of malathion on the activity of antioxidant enzgme of Perinereis.aibuhitensis Grube.[Method]Using the indoor simulation method,the acute toxic effects of various concentrations of organophosphorus pesticide malathion on Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube were determined. The median lethal concentration (LC50 ) of malathion to Perinereis aibuhitensis Grube for 96 h was 33.16 mg/L,and the safety concentration was 3.32 mg/L. The six treatments (0.001 8,0.018,0.18,1.8,3.6,9 mg/L) were set up ,and the Perinereis aibuhitensis Grude were exposed to those treatments for 3 d and 6 d respectively,which the superoxide dismutase (SOD)activity,peroxidase (POD) ,catalase (CAT) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA)content were examined.[Result] The results indicated that the CAT,SOD and POD were sensitive to the malathion,and were inhibited following a 3 d exposure to 0.001 8 mg/L . Malathion treatment led to an initial decline in CAT and SOD activity followed by a sharp increase and then declined again. The CAT was more sensitive than SOD,after exposed to malathion 3 d,the CAT activity was induced significantly at 0.018 mg/L,however,the SOD activity was increased at 1.8 mg/L,and had no siginificant difference with the control. The POD had the same change trend exposed to concentration rage of 0.001 8~1.8 mg/L,and then increased at 3.6 and 9 mg/L,but still remained signficantly lower than the control.The activity of CAT,SOD and POD increased compared to their own control with the extension of exposure time.The MDA content decreased after exposed 3 d in different concentration of malathion,but increased significantly with the increasing of concentration of malathion after exposed 6 d,and on the same concentration of malathion,the MDA contain had increased with the exposed time extend.[Conclusion]Antioxidant enzyme CAT、SOD and POD of Perinereis aibuhitensis Grubs were very sensitive to the stress of organic phosphorus pollutats,and CAT was more sensitive。
【Fund】: 盐城工学院校级重点资助课题(XKY2007032)
【CateGory Index】: S968.9
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