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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2010-11
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Effects of Different Operating Modes of Returning Farmland to Forest (Grassland) on Rural Economy——A Case of Wuqi County,Shaanxi Province,China

LUO Meng et al (College of Resources and Environment,A&F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100)  
Taking Wuqi County,Shaanxi Province as an example,based on the introduction of research area,cropping pattern and the factors affecting economic benefit,five management modes of returning farmland to forest (grassland) are selected through system analysis and screening,including ecological forest,forest-grass-animal husbandry,forest-drug,economic forest and greenhouse vegetables. A total of five townships are chosen as sample sites,such as Wuqi Town,Baibao Town,Wucangbao Village,Xinzhai Village,Xuecha Village and Wugucheng Village. Participatory rural appraisal and literature consulting are combined together to investigate the townships,villages and peasant households. Variance analysis method is adopted to compare the economic benefits of five management modes of returning farmland to forest (grassland) in Wuqi County,so as to determine the effects of management modes on economic benefits. Result shows that there are significant differences among different modes. Except there is no significant differences between the economic forest mode and the forest – drug mode,the rest modes all reach the level of extreme significant difference. Forest- grass-animal husbandry mode and economic forest mode obtain the optimum effects. Forest-drug mode,economic forest mode and greenhouse vegetable mode rank the third,fourth and fifth places,respectively.
【Fund】: 国家重大基础预研资助项目(2005CCA05300)
【CateGory Index】: F326.2;F327
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