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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2010-18
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Validation of the Relationship between Precipitable Water and Surface Vapor Pressure by Means of Reanalysis Data

ZHANG Kai-jing et al (College of Atmospheric Sciences,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou,Gansu 730000)  
By means of ERA-40,JRA-25,NCEP/NCAR and NCEP/DOE reanalysis data,the empirical regressions between the precipitable water and surface vapor pressure were calculated.In order to provide basis and reference for reasonable application,the empirical regressions of different reanalysis data were compared to validate the reliability of precipitable water from reanalysis data.The results showed that in the region of China,compared with other reanalysis data,the empirical regression of ERA-40 was closest to the air sounding data's and the precipitable water from ERA-40 was most credible.The worldwide comparison of empirical regressions between four kinds of reanalysis data showed that the differences of empirical regressions calculated between annual mean precipitable water and surface vapor pressure were small at mid-latitude regions and large at low-latitude and high-latitude regions.At mid-latitude regions of Northern Hemisphere,the differences of the empirical regression calculated between seasonal mean precipitable water and surface vapor pressure were small in spring,autumn and winter except in summer.Therefore,the reliability of precipitable water from reanalysis data were high in spring,autumn and winter at mid-latitude regions of northern hemisphere,and low in other areas and seasons.Among different years,empirical regressions of NCEP/NCAR,NCEP/DOE reanalysis data had good stability,however,empirical regression of ERA-40、JRA-25 reanalysis had poor stability.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40775048);; 国家基础重点规划项目(2006CB400504);; 科技支撑项目(2007BAC294)
【CateGory Index】: P468
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