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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2010-20
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Behavior of Bombus lucorum,Apis cerana cerana and Apis mellifera ligustica as Pollinator for Strawberry Grown in Greenhouse

YANG Fu et al(Institute of Agriculture S&T Information,Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences,Beijing 100097)  
[Objective] The bees' pollination for strawberry grown in greenhouse would be better utilized through the integrated evaluation of the efficiency of B.lucorum,A.cerana cerana and A.mellifera ligustica on the pollination for strawberry.[Method] The temperature at its leaving nest,the time of its daily activity,the frequency of its visiting flower,the duration of its staying on the flower/each visit,the ratio of pollen removal from anther,the number of stigma deposition and pollen-dropping,the pollination efficiency and so on were measured through the investigation of the behavior of 3 species of bees in the plot(2 m×2 m),and the cost of 3 species of pollinators was compared.[Results] The 3 species of bees' activity was lively during the all flowering period.B.lucorum can be quickly adaptable to the environment and A.mellifera ligustica did not work in cloudy day.The initial temperature of B.lucorum and A.cerana cerana's working was lower than that of A.mellifera ligustica.The daily working time of B.lucorum and A.cerana cerana was longer than that of A.mellifera ligustica.The ratio of pollen removal from anther of B.lucorum was higher than that of A.cerana cerana and A.mellifera ligustica.The frequency of the visiting flower of A.cerana cerana was many more than that of A.mellifera ligustica and B.lucorum.There was no significant difference in the number of stigma deposition and pollen-dropping of 3 species of bees.There was no significant difference in the average yield and the rate of fruit malformation of the strawberry pollinated by between B.lucorum and A.cerana cerana,but significant difference with A.mellifera ligustica.The cost of A.mellifera ligustica and A.cerana cerana's pollination was basically same,which was lower than that of B.lucorum.[Conclusion] A.cerana cerana was the most efficient pollinator for the strawberry grown in greenhouse in the condition of low temperature such as early spring and winter.
【Fund】: 北京市科委“农村科技协调员支撑服务工程”(Z0909050-1040904-5);; 北京市农业技术试验示范项目(20070608);; “蜜蜂授粉应用关键配套技术研究与示范”课题
【CateGory Index】: S668.4;S897.3
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