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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2010-21
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Study on the Dry Island Effect in Xiamen City

ZHANG Shao-li et al(Xiamen Meteorological Bureau,Xiamen,Fujian 361012)  
Using relative humidity data from two meteorological stations in Xiamen and absolute humidity calculated from temperature and water vapor,the annual,seasonal and monthly change characteristic of relative humidity and absolute humidity were comprehensive analyzed.Then the dry island effect of Xiamen City was studied.The results demonstrated that because of unique geographical features,the air humidity showed different change rules between urban and suburb.There was no obvious dry island effect in urban and suburb at last century.The change trend of average air humidity was unapparent before 90th of last century.From early 90th of last century,the air humidity in suburb began to decrease obviously.There was dry mutation for these two stations in 1993 and 2004 respectively.From the beginning of early of this century,both areas became dry obviously.The seasonal average relative humidity of Tongan station decreased each season,but what in Xiamen station changed unapparent.The seasonal average absolute humidity of Tongan station decreased apparently in spring and summer,but what did not change obviously in autumn and winter.The seasonal average absolute humidity of Xiamen station decreased apparently in summer,but what did not change apparently in other seasons.As respect from climate change of air humidity of each time,it decreased obviously at all four times at Tongan station.Relative humidity diminished most apparently at 08 and 20 o'clock.Absolute humidity diminished most apparently at 14 o'clock.For Xiamen station,relative humidity diminished most apparently at 14 o'clock.Absolute humidity diminished most apparently at 02 and 20 o'clock.
【CateGory Index】: P412.13
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