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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2010-24
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Analysis of the Intrinsic Characteristics of Precipitation Change in North China from 1961 to 2008

HAO Li-sheng et al (Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210044 )  
Based on daily precipitation data of 37 meteorological observation stations from Beijing,Tianjin,Hebei,Shanxi during 1961-2008,a statistical analysis was conducted on the intrinsic characteristics of precipitation change in North China. The results show that influenced by the monsoon,North China rainfall was highly concentrated in the summer,accounting for 65% of the total annual precipitation. The many years averaged number of days of precipitation in North China was 76 days,summer with 35 days. Reduction of the annual precipitation was not caused by rain intensity changes,but mainly due to the impact of rainy days reduction. Rainy days decrease mainly occurred in the summer and reduced storm days played the most important role. This provided a guideline to improve the summer precipitation prediction in North China ,that is,to improve the summer precipitation forecasting techniques,focus should be laid on the heavy rain process forecast to analyze whether there will be conducive circulation situation to the rainstorms occurrence. It was not accurate to simply predict rainfall high or less than normal in summer through averaged circulation.
【Fund】: 中国气象局气候变化专项(CCSF-09-01);; 河北省重大基础研究项目(08966711D 09967116D)
【CateGory Index】: P467
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