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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2010-27
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Research Progress in Effects of Grassland Degradation on Regional Climate in Inner Mongolia Region

LIU Hui-min et al(Meteorological Training Center in Anhui Province,Hefei,Anhui 230031)  
Changes of land cover can alter hydrological cycle and surface energy balance.The effects of changes of land cover on climate and environment have attracted a wide concern.The paper analyzes and summarizes progress in studies on effects of grassland degradation on regional climate in the Inner Mongolian region.Continual drought,rapidly expanding population,increasing human land use and overgrazing have led to grassland degradation in the past 50 years.Numerical studies with globe climate model and regional climate model coupling a land surface model indicated that grassland degradation made drought more serious by reducing summer precipitation and increasing surface air temperature.Mechanisms involved in effects of degradation on climate are that grassland degradation reduces vegetation cover and leaf area index and changes surface parameters,which results in changes in energy balance and water cycle and finally effects air circulation.
【CateGory Index】: S812
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