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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2010-34
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Toxic Effects of Hg~(2+) and Cd~(2+) on Embryo Development and Larva Fish of Carassius auratus

HU Rong et al(College of Chemistry and Life Science,Neijiang Normal University,Neijiang,Sichuan 641100)  
[Objective]The aim was to study the toxic effects of the Hg2+ and Cd2+ stress on embryo development and Larvae growth of Carassius auratus.[Method]The zygote and Larvae of Carassius auratus were treated with different concentrations of Hg2+ and Cd2+ and admixture of Hg2++Cd2+,the toxicity effects of heavy metal ions on the zygotes and Larvae of Carassius auratus were recorded.[Result]In the experimental range,the fish embryo mortality increased with increasing the concentrations of Hg2+ and Cd2+.In the mean time,the larvae and embryo hatchability decreased,which were significantly different from the control group.The toxicity order was Hg2+ Hg2++Cd2+ Cd2+ for embryo.Larvae mortality increased with the increasing concentrations of Hg2+ and Cd2+ and time.The cumulative mortality of the larvae reached 100% under the concentration of 8.0 mg/L of Cd2+ for 24 h;Exposed under 0.25 mg/L of Hg2+ or 0.25 mg/L of Hg2+ and 0.5 mg/L of Cd2+ for 72 h,the cumulative mortality of larvae reached 39% and 32% respectively.Exposed under 4.0 mg/L of Cd2+,2.0 mg/L of Hg2+ and 1.0 mg/L of Hg2+ with 2.0 mg/L of Cd2+,Larvae malformation ratios were 40.2%,32.4% and 30.2% respectively;In the mixed group treated with Hg2+ and Cd2+,0.25 mg/L of Hg2+ could inhibit the toxicity of 8.0 mg/L of Cd2+.The toxicity order of the carp larva was Cd2+ Hg2++Cd2+ Hg2+.[Conclusion]The toxic effects of Hg2+ and Cd2+ were strong for the embryonic development and larvae growth of Carassius auratus.
【Fund】: 四川省教育厅自然科学类重点资助项目(07ZC032)
【CateGory Index】: X174
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