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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2011-11
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Analysis of Risks in Hainan Island Typhoon Hazard Factor Based on GIS

ZHANG Zhong-wei et al(College of Geography and Tourism,Hainan Normal University,Haikou,Hainan 571158)  
[Objective] The aim of this paper was to analyze the risks in the typhoon hazard factors in Hainan Island.[Method] Taking the theory and method of natural disasters evaluation as starting point and supporting point,and selecting Hainan province as the research target,where the typhoon disaster occurred relatively serious,based on the typhoon data during 1958-2008,with happening frequency of typhoon hazard-formative factors,maximum rainfall,potentially devastating effects of typhoon winds as evaluation indexes,the typhoon disaster risk evaluation index system and evaluation model were established.And by dint of GIS technique,Hainan island typhoon disaster risk zoning of hazard-formative factors and grading were prepared.[Result]Typhoon occurred frequently in Hainan and there were no certain rules of its annual changes.The monthly changes mainly happed during July to October.The highly dangerous area of typhoon mainly distributed in east coast area.The annual daily precipitation decreased from central mountainous area to the surroundings;typhoon hided in the destructive highly risked area in east,south and west area;low disastrous area occurred in the middle area;the risks of disastrous factors weakened from east area to west area.The distribution area of each level was that low dangerous area mild dangerous area highly dangerous area secondary low dangerous area highly dangerous area.[Conclusion] The study supplied scientific reference for the government in the united organization and direction of disaster relief work.
【Fund】: 海南省自然基金项目(809058);; 中国气象局重点业务建设项目“台风灾害风险评估与区划”
【CateGory Index】: S426
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