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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2011-11
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The Research of Air Temperature Variation Characteristics and Trend in Tacheng Prefecture in Xinjiang Province during 1954-2008

MIAO Zheng-wei et al(Hebei Engineering and Technical College,Cangzhou,Hebei 061001)  
[Objective]The aim was to analyze the changes characteristics of temperature in Tacheng.[Method]By dint of monthly average temperature from 1955 to 2008 in four typical meteorology station,Tacheng,Hebukesaier,Tuoli and Wusu,the temperature multi-temporal scale characteristics and changes trend in future in Tacheng were expounded by small wave analysis and climate trend coefficient method.[Result]The average temperature in so many years in Tacheng was 5.88 ℃.The annual changes of temperature were relatively stable.The coefficient of changes were between 0.130-0.265.The extreme value was between 1.73-3.79;the sequence distribution of temperature showed plat peak form and the annual average temperature was divergence.The temperature in Tacheng had 5 year,9 year and 14 year period.It was in cold period in 1970 when average temperature was only 3.77 ℃.The 1980s was the warmest age in recent 54 years,reaching 8.10 ℃.In recent 90s,and comparing with 80s,temperature in Tacheng was decreasing,but still higher than that in 70s.It was forecasted that the temperature in future would increase.The annual average temperature in each area and the average temperature in each season in Tacheng increased significantly,with a range of 1.15-2.05 ℃/10a.The smallest temperature increase speed in summer was 0.16-0.45 ℃/10a.The annual average temperature changes speed was 0.40-0.78 ℃/10a.[Conclusion]The temperature changes in Tacheng had positive corresponding trend toward the climate warming.
【CateGory Index】: P468.021
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