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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2011-18
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Analysis of Climatic Dry and Wet Conditions in Cold Mountain Area of Benxi

YIN Zuo-chen et al(Benxi Meteorological Bureau,Benxi,Liaoning 117000)  
The meteorological data in Caohekou Station during 1954-2010 were selected,the interannual variation trend and characteristics of potential evapotranspiration and dry-wet index in cold mountains of Benxi were analyzed by Penman-Monteith model,the factors affecting the variation of dry-wet index were discussed.The results showed that annual potential evapotranspiration was decreased with rate of 1.75mm/10a from 1954 to 2010.Except for the summer,the potential evapotranspiration of other seasons showed weakly increasing trend.The dry wet index in cold mountains of Benxi in recent 57 years showed inconsistence variation,the maximum annual dry wet index was in 1950s',and minimum in 1990s'.The dry wet index and sunshine hours showed obviously negative correlation,and showed significant positive correlation with precipitation and relative humidity;with the decreasing of rainfall,increasing of temperature,cold mountains showed warm dry trend.Through Mann-kendall test,it was found that except for winter potential evapotranspiration in 1986 appearing mutation,other years and seasons doesn't appear phenomenon of mutation.
【CateGory Index】: P463.1
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