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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2011-21
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Evaluation of Nutrient Components and Nutritive Quality in the Muscle of Wild Epinephelus trimaculatus

SHU Hu et al(College of Life Science,Guangzhou University,Guangzhou,Guangdong 510006)  
[Objective]The research aimed to evaluate the development and utilization values of Epinephelus trimaculatus through the evaluation of its nutrient components and nutritive quality and lay the foundation for breeding excellent cultivars of Epinephelus trimaculatus.[Method]The moisture content,crude protein,crude fat,ash,amino acids and fatty acids in muscle of six wild E.trimaculatus were analyzed and its nutritive quality was evaluated.[Result]The mass fraction of moisture content,crude ash,crude protein and crude fat in the fresh muscles of wild E.trimaculatus were 77.97%,1.30%,20.07% and 0.94% respectively.Eighteen kinds of amino acids were found in muscle of E.trimaculatus and the total content in dry samples(mass fraction) was 86.50%.Among them,the total content of 8 essential amino acids(EAA) was 37.87%,which occupied 43.76% of the total content of amino acids.The constitutional ratio of the essential amino acids met the standards of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/World Health Organization(FAO/WHO).The first limiting amino acid of E.trimaculatus was Trp.The essential amino acids index(EAAI) was 82.36,the total content of four kinds of delicious amino acids in dry samples(mass fraction) was 32.53%.The mass fraction of EPA and DHA in fatty acids were 3.17% and 4.85% respectively.The mineral elements were rich in E.trimaculatus.[Conclusion]E.trimaculatus has higher food value and health care value.
【Fund】: 广东省科技计划项目(2009B020308006);; 广东省自然科学基金项目(9151064201000067);; 广州大学华南生物多样性重点实验室项目
【CateGory Index】: S965.334
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