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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2011-24
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Study on the Toxicity of Extract from Seed Cake of Camellia oleifera Abel to Freshwater Fishes,Shrimps and Snails

YE Xian-feng et al(College of Life Science,Anhui Agricultural University,Hefei,Anhui 230036)  
[Objective] The research aimed to further discuss the application of seed cake of Camellia oleifera Abel in the disease prevention and control of freshwater fishes,shrimps and snails.[Method] The toxicity of different concentrations of extract from seed cake from C.oleifera to aquatic animals such as five species of fishes with squama,two species of fishes without squama,black shrimp and snails was studied.[Result] 24 h and 48 h LC50 of extract from C.oleifera to fishes with squama Hypophthalmichthys molitrix,Aristichthys nobilis,Ctenopharyngodon idellus,Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus,Carassius auratus were 6.25 and 5.16 mg/L,5.26 and 5.12 mg/L,9.74 and 5.87 mg/L,9.29 and 7.64 mg/L,11.3 and 7.55 mg/L respectively.24 h and 48 h LC50 of extract from C.oleifera to fishes without squama Lctalurus punctatus and Misgurnus anguillicaudatus were 7.47 and 5.00 mg/L,26.42 and 16.80 mg/L.The survival rates of black shrimps and snails in 90 mg/L extract from C.oleifera reached 100%.The extract from C.oleifera had significant toxicity to freshwater fishes,but freshwater black shrimps and snails had higher tolerance to extract from C.oleifera.[Conclusion] It is of good foreground to control wild fishes and prevent and treat the diseases in artificial culture of freshwater shrimps and crabs by using extract from C.oleifera.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划项目(2009BADB1B10-01-02);; 科技人员服务企业行动项目(09020303089)
【CateGory Index】: S948;TS229
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