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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2011-27
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Correlated Characteristics between Spring Precipitation in the Arid Region of Northwest China and Global Sea Surface Temperature

MENG Kui(Key Laboratory for Semi-Arid Climate Change of Ministry of Education,College of Atmospheric Sciences,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou,Gansu 730000)  
[Objective] The research aimed to study the correlated characteristics between spring precipitation in the arid region of Northwest China and global sea surface temperature.[Method] Based on GPCP global monthly precipitation and NOAA ERSST sea surface temperature data during 1979-2008,the precipitation characteristics in the arid region of Northwest China in 30 years and the correlated distribution characteristics between it and the global sea surface temperature were analyzed by using the correlation and composite analysis methods.[Result] Spring rainfall presented the fluctuation increasing in the arid region of Northwest China during 1979-2008.The sea surface temperature of Indian Ocean in 15° S-22° N,45°-105° E had the continuing influence on spring precipitation in the arid region of Northwest China.It could be as a stable factor forecasted spring precipitation in the arid region zone of Northwest China.When the sea surface temperature was higher in Indian Ocean,Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea,maybe spring precipitation in the arid region of Northwest China was more.If the sea surface temperature near the equatorial eastern Pacific Ocean in summer,autumn and winter in the prior period was higher,it was favorable for spring precipitation in the arid region of Northwest China in the next year.The sea surface temperature field in Arabian Sea,middle Indian Ocean and western Pacific Ocean was the key factor affected spring precipitation in the arid region of Northwest China.[Conclusion] The research provided the theory basis for the prediction and forecast of precipitation in the arid region.
【Fund】: 中国气象局公益性行业专项(201006023)
【CateGory Index】: P467
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