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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2011-31
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Study on Possible Mechanism of Terrain Influence to Cold Airflow Snowstorm

ZHOU Xue-song et al(Shandong Meteorological Observatory,Jinan,Shandong 250031)  
[Objective] The research aimed to study possible mechanism of terrain effect to cold airflow snowstorm.[Method] By using the meso-scale numerical model(WRF),a cold airflow snowstorm weather process in Shandong Peninsula was carried out numerical simulation and terrain sensitivity contrast test.The possible reason of terrain effect to falling zone and intensity of snowstorm in the cold airflow snowstorm was analyzed from water vapor,thermodynamic field and so on.[Result] The mountain terrain in Shandong Peninsula had big influences on falling zone and intensity of cold airflow snowstorm.The snowstorm intensity obviously increased,and the snowfall center obviously moved northward.The main reason was that terrain caused the low-level wind field convergence and vertical movement in the troposphere strengthened.Then,the distribution of water vapor and snow water content in the space in the cold airflow snowstorm process obviously changed.So,the whole snowstorm process was affected.[Conclusion] The mountain terrain in Shandong Peninsula was the important element which needed to focus on considering in the forecast analysis of cold airflow snowstorm weather process.
【Fund】: 公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201106006);; 中国气象局预报员专项(CMATG2007Y08);; 山东省气象局重点课题(2010sdqxz10)
【CateGory Index】: P458.121
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