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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2011-34
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Study on Ultrasonic Extraction of Alkaloid from Achnatherum inebrians(Hance)Keng

WANG Fu-ke et al(Higher Health Vocational & Technical College,Ningxia Medical University,Yinchuan,Ningxia 750004)  
[Objective] To study the ultrasonic extraction technology of Alkalod from Achnatherum inebrians(Hance)Keng.[Method]40 kHz ultrasonic aqueous medium was used to treat Achnatherum inebrians(Hance)Keng powder,and then the filtrate was obtained by removing the impurities by water extraction method,after that the solvent extraction method was used to separate the swainsonine with the solvent of chloroform,ethyl acetate,n-butanol,respectively.And the alkaloids were obtained in the case of solvent recovery under vacuum distillation.The swainsonine was analyzed by the method of thin-layer chromatography and infrared spectrum.[Result]The optimal combinations of each factor were A1B2 and C2D2,and the optimum extraction conditions were as follows:1∶7.5(g/ml) solid-liquid ratio,60 ℃ temperature,250 W ultrasonic power and 60 min ultrasonic time,under those conditions,the extraction rate was 2.06 mg/g;while the extraction rate was 14.04 mg/g.Identification results showed that the mixed Achnatherum inebrians(Hance)Keng alkaloid had swainsonine.[Method]This method was rapid and efficient with high accuracy,therefore it could be applied to the extraction of alkaloid from Achnatherum inebrians(Hance)Keng.
【Fund】: 宁夏医科大学科学研究项目(ZC207007)资助
【CateGory Index】: R284.2
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