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《Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences》 2013-27
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Contents of Heavy Metals in Agricultural Soil and Corn in Typical Black Soil Region

ZHANG Ji-zhou;Institute of Natural Resources and Ecology Heilongjiang Academy of Sciences,National and Provincial Joint Engineering Laboratory of Wetlands and Ecological Conservation;  
[Objective]The research aimed to figure out the contents of heavy metals in agricultural soil and corn in typical black soil region and their relationship.[Method]Through the synchronous sampling to soil and crop corn in road surrounding of the Shuangcheng City of Heilongjiang Province,Cd,Cr,Pb,Cu,Zn,Ni,Hg and As of total content in soil and the content in the various organs of corn were analyzed. The results were presented by the correlation of the eight kinds of heavy metals in soil and the relationship of heavy metal content in different organs of corn and the content of heavy metals in soil.[Result]Seven kinds of heavy metal content in soil had certain enrichment except Ni in the survey area. There was higher enrichment in Cd,Pb,and Hg,but the content of all of them weren't more than the content of GB of 15618- 1995 state soil environment quality standard level two. Quality of soil was still good. The content of heavy metals in soil was higher than the content of heavy metals in corn compared with them. The enrichment ability of different organs of corn of heavy metals was different,which indicated root leaf stalk grain. Eight kinds of heavy metal content in grain of corn were lower than the national food standards,and the quality of corn was good. There was a positive correlation between each heavy metal contents in soil expect Cr and Ni. There was a very significantly positive correlation between Cd and Hg,Cu and Zn. There was a significantly positive correlation between Cd and Cr,Cu,Zn,Cr and Cu,Zn,Pb and Cu,Zn,Zn and Hg. Through the correlation analysis of heavy metal content of different organs of corn and heavy metal total content in soil,there was a positive correlation. However,the correlation was poor,only Cd,Cu,Zn in roots of corn and soil had significantly positive correlation.[Conclusion]Quality of soil was still good,and quality of corn was good. The correlation between soil heavy metals content was good,and correlation of heavy metal content of different organs of corn and heavy metal total content in soil was poor. The main reason of heavy metals homology was human activities.
【Fund】: 黑龙江省科技攻关引导项目(GC12C205);; 黑龙江省财政基本科研业务专项
【CateGory Index】: X53;S513
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